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The Bulgarian Rose Valley



The Rose Valley or Valley of the Roses is an area in central Bulgaria, situated 200 km east of Sofia. The Rose Valley runs east-west direction. The valley is relatively wide, almost level, which is limited only to the north and south by mountain ranges - to the north from the central Balkan Mountains and south of the eastern part of the mountain range Sredna Gora. The Rose Valley is geologically composed of two river valleys - to the west of the river valley Strjama and east of the valley with the river Tundzha. The western part of the Rose is also known as Karlovo-basin and the eastern part of the Rose is called-Kazanlak valley, named after the nearby town of Kazanlak.

 

The Rose Valley is for the outdoor cultivation of roses (white, pink and red) known to grow here in the miles fields for industrial purposes. Here, in wind-protected valley between the two east-west running mountain ranges, are used for centuries to summer blooming damask roses (Rosa damascena) are grown, mainly the variety 'trigintipetala' synonym 'Kazanlak', as the "Bulgarian Oil Rose already mentioned 1689th From the petals of this rose is produced by distillation, the precious rose oil, one of the most expensive essential oils. Rose oil is widely used in perfumery, the perfuming of food and beverages and pharmaceuticals.

In the seventeenth century, extended the Rosenkultivation from Persia to India, North Africa and Turkey. In 1710 began the rose-growing in Bulgaria, Kazanlak. From 1750 to the present is the region between Kazanlak and Karlovo, the largest producing region for the production of rose oil. Beginning of the 20th Century there were still about 2800 in Bulgaria Kleindestillierbetriebe for rose oil with steam tanks for approximately 1-10 tons of flowers.

Bulgaria is the world's largest producer of rose oil, it provides 70% of world production of rose oil. The roses are grown primarily for the Rose Valley. The petals are harvested very early in the morning, as is the oil content in them is greatest then. Three tons of flowers around a liter of distilled rose oil. This represents a yield of only 0.02 to 0.05%. Bulgaria in 2003 produced about 900 kg of rose oil. The center of the rose oil industry is Kazanlak, other smaller centers are Karlovo, Sopot and Kalofer.

The season for picking the petals is from May to June. During this time the whole valley smells of roses and is covered with roses. Picking a rose is traditionally a function of women, this is a lot of skill and stamina required. The flowers are cut carefully individually, placed in wicker baskets and taken to the distillery. After the picking season in June will be celebrated in the villages and towns flower festivals and folk festivals. Every year a festival is held in the Rose Valley of Roses and Rose oil.


www.de.wikipedia.org / wiki / Rosental_ (Bulgaria)

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